Research on Work Support Programs

Public Work Support Programs: Addressing Barriers To Increase Access, Updated November 2010
Kara Arzamendia, Children’s Defense Fund – Minnesota
An overview and comparison of public work support program policies in Minnesota, Montana, Iowa, North Dakota and South Dakota. Details the need, barriers and solutions for public work support programs to benefit families and communities.

Household Hardships, Public Programs, and Their Associations with the Health and Development of Very Young Children: Insights from Children's HealthWatch, February 2012
Katherine M. Joyce, Amanda Breen, Stephanie Ettinger de Cuba, John T. Cook, & Kathleen W. Barrett
Detailed report citing research from Children's HealthWatch on the positive developmental and health outcomes of children receiving public work support programs compared to potentially eligible children not receiving public programs. Focused particularly on Energy Assistance, housing assistance, SNAP and WIC.

Downward Slide: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2012
Karen Schulman & Helen Blank, National Women’s Law Center
Detailed report identifying state policy decisions that weakened child care assistance programs, including increased wait lists, increased co-payments, decreased provider reimbursement rates and decreased income eligibility guidelines.

The Effect of Child Health Insurance Access on Schooling: Evidence from Public Insurance Expansions 
Sarah Cohodes, Samuel Keleiner, Michael F. Lovenheim, and Daniel Grossman, National Bureau of Economic Research
Report details the positive of effects of public insurance expansion and health care access on children's schooling. Findings include that Medicaid is correlated with lower high school drop out rates, increased college attendance and more bachelor's degrees. 

Rent Burden, Housing Subsidies and the Well-Being of Children and Youth
Yakimo Aratani, Michelle Chau, Vanessa R. Wight, and Sophia Addy, National Center for Children in Poverty
Report details the high rates of rent burden and minimal access to housing subsidies across the country and how it affects social, health and academic outcomes for children.

The Economic Consequences of Cutting the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, March 2012
Jeffrey Thompson & Heidi Garrett-Peltier, Center for American Progress
Report details the impact of cutting SNAP benefits on the economic recovery, job creation and program recipients. Findings include a 10 percent reduction in SNAP would cause more than 96,000 job losses.

Making America Stronger: The U.S. Food Stamp Program
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
This brief video released for the 30th anniversary of the of the reforms achieved by the Food Stamp Act of 1977 tells how the food stamp program has and continues to reduce hunger and stimulate the economy.

The SNAP Vaccine, February 2012
Children's HealthWatch
Report shows that the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) reduces household food insecurity, and, in turn, decreases child health risks associated with food insecurity. Children in families receiving SNAP compared to children in families who did not receive SNAP but were likely eligible were less likely to be underweight or at risk for developmental delay, according to this report.

WIC Improves Child Health and School Readiness, February 2011
Children's HealthWatch
Research shows that every $1 spent on WIC generates a savings of between $1.77 and $3.13 in health care costs in the first 60 days after an infant's birth due to the program's correlation with reduced rates of low birth weight and higher rates of immunization. The program received the highest rating possible from the Office of Management and Budget's Program Assessment Rating Tool because research shows children on the program have a lower risk for poor health outcomes and developmental delays.

Too Many Hurdles: Barriers to Receiving SNAP Put Children's Health at Risk, March 2011
Children's HealthWatch
Barriers such as lack of awareness, complex application process, reporting deadlines, and immigration concerns are barriers to families with children receiving SNAP, which is proven to improve health and developmental outcomes.

Earning More, Receiving Less: Loss of Benefits and Child Hunger, February 2011
Children's HealthWatch
As earnings increase and public program participation decreases, it causes a "cliff effect" where families have less to spend on basic needs at certain higher incomes. This report demonstrates how public programs protect children from the effects of food insecurity and shows that when families exit these programs they often experience food insecurity and its effect because parents, while they aren't eligible for benefits, still often don't earn enough to provide adequate nutrition for their children.

TANF Weakening as Safety Net for Poor Families, March 2012
Danilo Trisi & LaDonna Pavetti, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
The sharp decline in the TANF-to-poverty ratio detailed in this report shows that TANF has a weakening role as a safety net program, which has long-lasting effects on families, children and communities.

LIHEAP Stabilizes Family Housing and Protects Children's Health, February 2011
Children's HealthWatch
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) makes families more energy secure and when families are more energy secure their children are less likely to be food insecure, be in poor health, be at risk for developmental delays, be hospitalized since birth, and have moved two or more times in the past year.

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